risk factors include
Mesadenitis, or mesenteric lymphadenitis, mesenteritis – inflammation of the lymph nodes of the mesentery – is often the cause of acute pain abdominal syndrome in children. Diagnosis and treatment of mesadenitis are at the intersection of the interests of pediatricians and pediatric surgeons, which constantly maintains the relevance of this problem. The difficulties of verifying the disease associated with the lack of common diagnostic criteria do not allow us to estimate the true frequency of acute non-specific mesadenitis (i.e., caused by non-specific pathogens) in childhood. In surgical hospitals, the disease is recorded in 11.7-18.4% of patients with acute abdominal syndrome. In children hospitalized with suspected acute appendicitis, mesadenitis is detected in 8–9% of cases. The disease is diagnosed mainly in children aged 5 to 13 years, and more often boys get sick. Continue reading
An important indicator of a child’s health is physical development, violations of which are usually accompanied by a decrease in the level of adaptive resources and anti-infection protection of the body. Another well-known postulate is that weight loss with poor nutrition is a consequence of protein deficiency.
Without disputing these provisions, we draw attention to the fact that leading nutritionists strongly emphasize not only the importance of protein, but also the role of a balanced diet and high-quality diet, especially in young children, with various ingredients essential for their normal growth and development. Among them, not only proteins, fats and carbohydrates are obligatory, but also macro- and microelements, vitamins and vitamin-like substances. The latter include carnitine, the significance of which for the human body has been proven in numerous experimental and clinical studies of Russian and foreign scientists. Continue reading
At present, the problem of frequently ill children (FWA) remains relevant. With the onset of the autumn-winter period and the start of schooling, schoolchildren experience overloads, fatigue increases, the number of contacts in groups increases, and children begin to suffer from acute respiratory infections (ARI) more often.
Patients with repeated episodes of ARI more than 8 times a year are referred to the group of FWB. In the structure of morbidity, viral infections account for 65–90% (influenza viruses, parainfluenza viruses, adenoviruses, respiratory syncytial virus). Viral monoinfection is detected in 52%, the association of 2 viruses or more – in 36% of cases.
The highest incidence of respiratory infections was observed in children’s organized groups in children of preschool and primary school age, the peak incidence occurs in the first years of visiting kindergartens. Continue reading