Epileptic status (ES) is characterized by prolonged or repeated seizures / episodes without a return to the normal state for this patient. ES is often found in pediatric practice, it affects 18–23 out of 100 thousand children per year, mortality reaches 2–7%. Treatment measures include the introduction of anticonvulsants, the identification and elimination of factors that trigger ES, as well as the prevention of possible complications.
Definition and classification of ES
Historically, ES has been defined as “a condition characterized by an epileptic seizure / seizure long enough or recurring at short enough intervals to cause an unchanged and stable epileptic state”.
This definition was supplemented by the International League for the Control of Epilepsy, which decided that an attack / seizure should last at least 30 minutes, or during this period of time there should be several seizures without restoration of functions between them for more than 30 minutes. Continue reading