At present, the problem of frequently ill children (FWA) remains relevant. With the onset of the autumn-winter period and the start of schooling, schoolchildren experience overloads, fatigue increases, the number of contacts in groups increases, and children begin to suffer from acute respiratory infections (ARI) more often.
Patients with repeated episodes of ARI more than 8 times a year are referred to the group of FWB. In the structure of morbidity, viral infections account for 65–90% (influenza viruses, parainfluenza viruses, adenoviruses, respiratory syncytial virus). Viral monoinfection is detected in 52%, the association of 2 viruses or more – in 36% of cases.
The highest incidence of respiratory infections was observed in children’s organized groups in children of preschool and primary school age, the peak incidence occurs in the first years of visiting kindergartens. Continue reading
Today, in the practice of a pediatric ENT specialist, the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children remain an urgent problem. In 25-50% of children there are various inflammatory diseases of the nose, nasopharynx and paranasal sinuses. According to statistics, the proportion of diseases of the paranasal sinuses is 12-14.5%, the ear – 28% and the nasopharynx – about 54%. Despite the progress of methods for the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, an increase of 1.5–2.0% is observed annually in such patients. In this regard, the study of etiology, pathogenesis, and improvement of diagnostic and prophylactic methods does not lose its relevance. Continue reading