inflammation of a particular
Bronchitis is an inflammatory disease of the lungs without
the formation of infiltrative changes in their parenchyma. Bronchitis can be both a manifestation of ARVI and its complication due to the addition of secondary bacterial microflora in the background or after suffering ARVI. The incidence of acute bronchitis in Russia averages 75–250 per 1000 children per year, that is, 2 orders of magnitude higher than pneumonia. Most often in children, bronchitis occurs in the age category of 1-3 years.
Viruses are thought to be the root cause of approximately 90% of cases of acute bronchitis. Despite this, in a prospective study aimed at studying the etiology and outcomes of lower respiratory tract infections in adults, viruses were isolated in only about a quarter of patients with this disease. Continue reading
Today, in the practice of a pediatric ENT specialist, the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children remain an urgent problem. In 25-50% of children there are various inflammatory diseases of the nose, nasopharynx and paranasal sinuses. According to statistics, the proportion of diseases of the paranasal sinuses is 12-14.5%, the ear – 28% and the nasopharynx – about 54%. Despite the progress of methods for the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, an increase of 1.5–2.0% is observed annually in such patients. In this regard, the study of etiology, pathogenesis, and improvement of diagnostic and prophylactic methods does not lose its relevance. Continue reading
Results of an international multicenter study of release-active antibodies to interferon gamma in the treatment of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections in children
Influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections (SARS) are the most common diseases in the child population. Annual ARVI outbreaks are caused by respiratory viruses of 5 groups, including more than 300 subtypes, which determines a variety of clinical symptoms, on the one hand, and the complexity of etiotropic therapy and vaccine prevention, on the other. The most severe forms of respiratory infections are caused by influenza viruses. Of particular danger are pandemic strains of the influenza virus. Other acute respiratory viral infections caused by various respiratory viruses are also highly contagious, the formation of mixed infections and the development of secondary bacterial complications. Continue reading