Children and immunity
Immunity is passive in nature and is provided by maternal antibodies. At the same time, its own immune system is in a state of suppression. The phagocytosis system is not…

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About children's immunity, frequent acute respiratory viral infections and the treatment of diseases
Winter is a traditional peak in the incidence of SARS and influenza, and not only among children who go to kindergarten and school, but also among adults. The Village asked…

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Irrigation and elimination therapy and prevention of acute respiratory infections in children
Today, in the practice of a pediatric ENT specialist, the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children remain an urgent problem. In 25-50% of…

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ductus arteriosus

Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) Strategy for Children Under Five

More than 7.5 million children worldwide die each year before they reach the age of five. Most of them come from poor communities and live in the poorest countries. These children are more likely than others to suffer from malnutrition and from infectious diseases such as neonatal sepsis, measles, diarrhea, malaria and pneumonia.

Effective strategies for the prevention and treatment of sick children are available, but do not reach them. One reason for this is that medical services are often too far away or too expensive. Medical institutions in these conditions are often insufficiently equipped and do not have well-trained medical personnel. In addition, sick children can have several diseases at the same time, and this can cause difficulties for health workers in the diagnosis and treatment. Continue reading

Epileptic status in children. Clinical lecture

Epileptic status (ES) is characterized by prolonged or repeated seizures / episodes without a return to the normal state for this patient. ES is often found in pediatric practice, it affects 18–23 out of 100 thousand children per year, mortality reaches 2–7%. Treatment measures include the introduction of anticonvulsants, the identification and elimination of factors that trigger ES, as well as the prevention of possible complications.

Definition and classification of ES
Historically, ES has been defined as “a condition characterized by an epileptic seizure / seizure long enough or recurring at short enough intervals to cause an unchanged and stable epileptic state”.
This definition was supplemented by the International League for the Control of Epilepsy, which decided that an attack / seizure should last at least 30 minutes, or during this period of time there should be several seizures without restoration of functions between them for more than 30 minutes. Continue reading

Often sick children. Modern pediatrician look

At present, the problem of frequently ill children (FWA) remains relevant. With the onset of the autumn-winter period and the start of schooling, schoolchildren experience overloads, fatigue increases, the number of contacts in groups increases, and children begin to suffer from acute respiratory infections (ARI) more often.

Patients with repeated episodes of ARI more than 8 times a year are referred to the group of FWB. In the structure of morbidity, viral infections account for 65–90% (influenza viruses, parainfluenza viruses, adenoviruses, respiratory syncytial virus). Viral monoinfection is detected in 52%, the association of 2 viruses or more – in 36% of cases.

The highest incidence of respiratory infections was observed in children’s organized groups in children of preschool and primary school age, the peak incidence occurs in the first years of visiting kindergartens. Continue reading

There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity
There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity. A transient decrease in immunity is caused by insufficient protein and energy nutrition, a deficiency in the consumption…

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The child goes to a mass event, after which it is very likely that he will get ARVI.
There are no more effective ways to prevent acute respiratory viral infections than careful hygiene, regular irrigation of the nose with saline, constant ventilation of the room while maintaining normal…

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The child goes to a mass event, after which it is very likely that he will get ARVI.
There are no more effective ways to prevent acute respiratory viral infections than careful hygiene, regular irrigation of the nose with saline, constant ventilation of the room while maintaining normal…

...

Infectious diseases for children
Rubella is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. Rubella is characterized by a slight swelling of the lymph nodes. A pinkish-red rash appears on the body.…

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