Drug treatment carried out in a complex of recreational activities should be based on the necessary minimum and determined by the type of nosology. Modern features of the course of respiratory diseases and new data on the immune system make the problem of choosing effective immunocorrective drugs, the spectrum of which is quite wide, particularly urgent:
• immunocorrectors of natural origin (vaccines, endotoxins, nucleic acids, interferons, interferonogens, thymus preparations, etc.);
• synthetic drugs (polyoxidonium, lycopid, immunofan, bendazole, etc.).
Most immunocorrective drugs (stimulants, modulators) selectively affect different parts of the immune system, therefore, their appointment requires strict consideration of indications and contraindications, dynamic clinical and immunological control, and repeated courses of immunocorrections are usually carried out no more than 1-2 times a year. Continue reading
Immunity is passive in nature and is provided by maternal antibodies. At the same time, its own immune system is in a state of suppression. The phagocytosis system is not developed. The newborn shows little resistance to opportunistic, pyogenic, gram-negative flora. A tendency to generalization of microbial-inflammatory processes, to septic conditions is characteristic. The child is very sensitive to viral infections, against which he is not protected by maternal antibodies. Approximately on the 5th day of life, the first cross in the white blood formula takes place and the absolute and relative predominance of lymphocytes is established.
The second critical period is due to the destruction of maternal antibodies. The primary immune response to infection penetrates through the synthesis of class M immunoglobulins and leaves no immunological memory. Continue reading
The human immune system begins to form before the birth of a child. Its place and extent of health effects are genetically programmed. From birth to puberty, step by step, the structure and functions of the immune system are formed. The development of the immune system is undergoing a number of critical stages that must be taken into account when assessing the state of health, the formation of preventive programs and the appointment of treatment for diseases. The main cell of the immune system is a lymphocyte. In addition, tissue macrophages, neutrophils, and natural killers (ECs) also participate in providing an immune response. The development of the body’s immune system continues throughout the entire period of childhood. In the process of development of the child’s immune system, “critical” periods are distinguished, i.e. periods of maximum risk of developing infectious diseases associated with insufficient immune system functions. Allocate innate and acquired immunity. Innate immunity is provided by factors of natural resistance. Some mechanisms of the fight against infection are innate, that is, they are present in the body before meeting with any infectious agent and their activity does not depend on a previous meeting with microorganisms. Continue reading