Should I be afraid of the child’s reaction to vaccination?
As a person who has worked for a long time in an infectious diseases hospital, I confidently declare: in relation to all the diseases against which vaccinations are given, the probability of the disease remains very real.
Therefore, there is no and cannot be any discussion for parents about whether vaccinations should be given or not. Must do!
What is the essence of preventive vaccinations?
A vaccine is injected into the body. In response, the body produces special cells – antibodies, which protect the person from the disease.
Vaccination and revaccination
The body reacts differently to each vaccine. In some cases, one vaccination is enough to develop long-term immunity. In others, multiple introductions are needed. From here came two medical words – “vaccination” and “revaccination”.
The essence of vaccination is to achieve the production of antibodies in an amount sufficient to prevent disease. But this starting (protective) level of antibodies is gradually decreasing, and repeated injections are necessary to maintain the necessary amount of them (antibodies).
These repeated injections of the vaccine are revaccination.
Reaction and complications
After any vaccination (any!), A reaction of the body can occur – an increase in body temperature, refusal to eat, lethargy. This is normal: the body develops immunity (protection) to a specific disease.
Some vaccines are easily tolerated and almost never give serious reactions, a typical example is the polio vaccine. The introduction of other drugs, on the contrary, is often accompanied by a marked increase in temperature and a significant violation of the general condition of the child.
It is very important for parents to be aware of the fundamental difference between the response to the vaccine and the complication of the vaccine.
Reactions to vaccination, in varying degrees of severity, simply must be, and this is absolutely normal.
What are the complications? This is just what should not be, which is extremely rare:
– there should be no convulsions, no loss of consciousness, no temperature above 40 ° C;
– the child should not be covered from head to toe with a rash, and in the place where they injected, there should not be any suppuration.
Complications after vaccinations are always serious. Each such case is analyzed in detail, an entire medical commission decides: why it happened and what to do next?
When can and when not?
First of all, we must remember that any vaccination is given to a child who at this moment has neither a runny nose, nor diarrhea, nor a rash, nor an increase in body temperature.
Why is the absence of an infectious disease important? Yes, because any vaccine is a burden on the immune system. In order to respond to the vaccine correctly and develop a sufficient amount of antibodies, the body must be free from other matters, in turn, related to the development of immunity.
If the child has a leg in a cast, then this is not a contraindication to vaccination. If an infectious disease proceeds with a normal temperature and with an undisturbed general condition – it does not carry a significant burden on the immune system and is not a contraindication to vaccination.
There are exceptions to this rule. Some infectious diseases specifically affect precisely those cells of the body that are responsible for the production of immunity. This, for example, chickenpox and infectious mononucleosis. That is, if the child has chickenpox, then the normal temperature and a satisfactory general condition are still not a reason to be vaccinated.
Some infectious diseases suffered by a child cause a prolonged weakening of the body’s defenses, and this, in turn, is a contraindication to vaccinations for a certain period (about six months after recovery). Such diseases include meningitis, viral hepatitis, infectious mononucleosis.
At the same time, whether or not to be vaccinated is a matter that relates exclusively to the competence of the doctor. For each disease – allergic, congenital, neurological, etc. – the corresponding rules are developed: how, when and how to vaccinate.
Getting ready for vaccination
You don’t have to do anything on purpose. Unless to avoid experimentation with food – do not give any new products. For children with a tendency to allergic reactions, in some cases, doctors prescribe antiallergic drugs and calcium gluconate two to three days before vaccination. I emphasize: it is the doctors who prescribe it. It is possible and necessary to consult a pediatrician, but no need to take initiative.
Since it is advisable not to wet the injection site for one or two days, it would be nice to have a full-fledged hygienic bath before visiting the clinic (the night before).
1. Try to slightly underfeed (if there is appetite) or feed only by appetite (if appetite is reduced or absent). Drink plenty – mineral water, dried fruit compote, green, fruit, berry tea.
2. Clean, cool, moist air.
3. Body temperature below 37.5 C allows you to walk in the fresh air.
4. Limit communication with people as much as possible – the child develops immunity, his body is busy. Other microbes are undesirable to us now. And the source of these other microbes is other people.
5. With an increase in body temperature and a significant violation of the general condition – a doctor’s examination, but paracetamol (suppositories, tablets, syrup) can be given.