The child goes to a mass event, after which it is very likely that he will get ARVI.
There are no more effective ways to prevent acute respiratory viral infections than careful hygiene, regular irrigation of the nose with saline, constant ventilation of the room while maintaining normal conditions (humidity 40-50%, air temperature not higher than 22 degrees) and, of course, modern immunization to protect against influenza.
Do nasal sprays or ointments help?
To date, there are no high-quality studies that would show the effectiveness and safety of disinfectant sprays for the nose and mouth as a prevention of SARS. This, by the way, is natural: any substance is quickly washed off by saliva, its concentration cannot be physically supported. True, recent studies have shown that treating hands with disinfectants reduces morbidity and is an effective preventative measure.
The situation with ointments for the nose is much worse: by applying an astringent, you paralyze millions of cilia of the nasal cavity, which are absorbed by viruses, bacteria and dust. It turns out that we ourselves give the green light to pathogens, eliminating protection from them. For the same reason, drugs that create a film that supposedly protects against viruses and allergens are useless.
Should we be afraid of those who sneeze and cough in transport or at a concert?
No, it’s not worth them to beware at all: a person is most contagious two to three days before the appearance of mucus and nasal congestion, when it looks absolutely healthy. In general, it is extremely important from early childhood to get used to sneezing and coughing correctly (at the elbow), to observe good hygiene and to wash not only hands after public places, but also the face, and also to avoid any kind of smoking. Even if someone, having smoked on the street, approaches a child, the residual smoke on the skin and clothing can contribute to frequent respiratory infections, especially at an early age.
Is it necessary to treat ARVI?
If someone comes up with a universal treatment for acute respiratory viral infections, this will be a revolution in medicine, and it is unlikely that this person will get off with only one Nobel Prize. Unfortunately, only false advertisements are full of such promises. What is called ARVI treatment in Russia is actually equivalent to inaction: the problem is that parents (and many doctors) believe in the effectiveness of dummies, and as a result, the disease is left to chance. The child is weakened, dehydrated, antipyretics are taken in a very small dose (in Russia, the instructions indicate the wrong dosage of ibuprofen and paracetamol) or, conversely, too large, since the temperature does not decrease. But supposedly antiviral suppositories are inserted with enviable regularity.
How to treat ARVI correctly?
To make the child sick much easier and without complications, it is necessary to actively solder it – the most dangerous thing for ARVI is dehydration. It is necessary to give antipyretics, based on the condition of the child, and not the numbers on the thermometer, and in the right dose: for ibuprofen – 10 milligrams per kilogram of body weight up to three to four times a day, and for paracetamol – 15 milligrams per kilogram up to four times. It is necessary to actively irrigate the nose with saline and do not use vasoconstrictors unless absolutely necessary and no longer than three days (and recent studies recommend limiting their use in children under six years of age). It is important to bathe the child at least twice a day out of fever, go for a walk immediately after feeling better, and create comfortable conditions at home (so that it is cool and humid).