The effectiveness of the inhalation effects of natural essential oils in the comprehensive prevention of influenza and SARS in children
Influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) are, according to experts, the most widespread diseases and occupy a leading place in the structure of infectious pathology. According to WHO, during epidemic outbreaks of influenza, up to 15% of the population (3-5 million people) get sick, 250-500 thousand of them die. Approximately 20–40 million people per year fall ill with influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections in the Russian Federation, of which 40–60% are children.
The national report on the health of the population of Russia noted that the number of absolutely healthy children decreased to 10%, children with repeated SARS make up 70–75%, with chronic diseases – 15–20%. The largest number of diseases (37%) is observed in children aged 1 year to 14 years.
Influenza, due to the highest variability of the pathogen, is still an uncontrolled infection, despite major advances in the development of modern vaccines and anti-influenza chemotherapy drugs. A particular problem is represented by periodically occurring (3-4 times a century) global pandemics – the result of the emergence of new antigenic virus shifts with a radically changed structure of hemagglutinin and neuraminidase, which are the result of reassortment of viral genes circulating among animals and humans. In this regard, the prevention of influenza and SARS remains one of the most pressing medical and socio-economic problems.
The main reasons that impede the protection of the human body from influenza viruses and acute respiratory viral infections are the following.
A large number of types of acute respiratory viral infections (more than 200 viruses), which virtually eliminates the possibility of developing a vaccine against the entire group of infections. Vaccination is limited only to influenza, which accounts for no more than 15% of all cases of SARS.
The inferiority of post-infectious and post-vaccination specific immunity to the causative agents of acute respiratory viral infections, which contributes to the multiple development of diseases of the same etiology throughout human life.
Genetically determined immunological variability of influenza viruses as antigens, which prevents the creation of vaccines with 100% efficiency.
All of the above circumstances necessitate the search for funds that can nonspecifically stimulate the immune system in order to increase the body’s resistance to all pathogens of ARVI, since it is not possible to deal with each ARVI individually. Means that stimulate the nonspecific protection of the body must meet certain requirements: be completely harmless, able to be used non-injection, as well as be effective and affordable. Especially strictly these requirements should be taken into account when prescribing preventive measures for children.
An example of a passive inhalation product is Breathe Oil. It contains natural pure essential oils of plant origin: peppermint, eucalyptus, cayeput, wintergreen, juniper, clove and levomenthol. Based on laboratory studies and theoretical assumptions, it can be considered that natural essential oils with a wide range of immunomodulating and antiviral activity will be effective for the prevention of influenza and acute respiratory infections in preschool and school groups.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of inhalation with a composition of essential oils for the prevention of the incidence of influenza and SARS in children of preschool and primary school age.
The following tasks were set in the study.
Assessment of the health status of children of preschool and primary school age during the period of the SARS and influenza epidemic against the background of inhalation with a composition of essential oils.
Comparison of the clinical picture in sick children, as well as an assessment of the health status of non-sick children who received inhalation with a drug of essential oils during the SARS and influenza epidemic.
Analysis of the information received and conclusions on the effectiveness of inhalation with a composition of essential oils in preschool institutions and schools of Krasnoyarsk.
Material and methods
For research, the “Breathe” oil was chosen, which consists of 6 natural essential oils: peppermint (has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, tonic properties and facilitates nasal breathing), eucalyptus (has antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects) (possesses antibacterial, antimicrobial, tonic effect), wintergreen (has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect), juniper (has antib kterialnym action), clove (antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and analgesic effect) and levomenthol (antibacterial, antiinflammatory, analgesic effect).
The study involved 95 children aged 3 to 9 years, attending preschool and school institutions in Krasnoyarsk. The observation period is from October 2018 to February 2019.