Infectious diseases for children
Rubella is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. Rubella is characterized by a slight swelling of the lymph nodes. A pinkish-red rash appears on the body. Rash on the skin can be accompanied by an increase in body temperature, aggravation of the respiratory tract. The incubation period lasts for 11-23 days. Treatment. The patient should adhere to bed rest. If the body temperature has risen, it is necessary to use antipyretics, and antihistamines should be used for redness on the skin.
Whooping cough is an infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets and a severe cough appears. The incubation period is from 3 to 14 days. The cough is spasmodic, with mucus secreted. An acute period occurs during the first week of illness. Treatment. Doctors prescribe antibiotics, inhalations, bronchodilators. The patient often needs to be in the fresh air, especially near ponds and in the morning.
Measles. Infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. The onset of the disease is indicated by the appearance of high body temperature, the presence of a dry cough, pain in the abdomen, and vomiting. White dots with a red halo appear on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. These are early symptoms that indicate the onset of the disease. Treatment. Antiviral drugs and immunomodulating drugs are prescribed. The patient must adhere to bed rest.
Piggy. Infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. The main symptoms are fever up to 39 degrees and a headache. A tumor appears behind the auricle, which indicates the beginning of the incubation period, which lasts from 11 to 21 days. In boys who become ill with a mumps, complications may appear: Inflammation of the testicle (pain in the scrotum appears, the testicle grows in size). Edema passes in 5-7 days. This complication can lead to infertility.
Meningitis. This complication appears by raising the temperature on the 3-5th day of the disease. The patient has convulsive reactions, hallucinations, visual irritability appears. Treatment. The doctor prescribes antiviral, antipyretic drugs. A dry compress is applied to the gland. In case of testicular inflammation, it is necessary to consult a surgeon or urologist.
Scarlet fever. Group A disease caused by beta-hemolytic streptococcus. You can get scarlet fever not only from the patient, but also from a person who has streptococcal angina. The first sign of scarlet fever is a sore throat. Treatment. Observe bed rest. Use combination drugs for sore throat, antipyretic drugs, follow a diet. Preventive actions that are aimed at combating infectious diseases give an effect in the case of a planned and comprehensive implementation, according to a strictly composed scheme.