Respiratory diseases in children
The structure of the human respiratory system The human respiratory system consists of tissues and organs providing pulmonary ventilation and pulmonary respiration. In the structure of the system, it is…

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Is it possible to prevent the consequences of congenital cytomegalovirus infection?
Congenital CMVI is one of the most common intrauterine infections in the world and occurs on average in 0.2–2.5% of live births, and in developed countries, in 0.6–0.7% of newborns.…

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There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity
There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity. A transient decrease in immunity is caused by insufficient protein and energy nutrition, a deficiency in the consumption…

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Center for Pediatrics

Kidney diseases are treated using modern methods – according to the latest literature. Pediatric nephrologists take part in scientific studies, write popular science articles on children’s kidney diseases, and have already completed internships in several centers of pediatric nephrology in Western Europe.

Pediatric endocrinologists who advise children and adolescents on issues of endocrinological diseases have the opportunity to perform various hormonal studies: stimulated hormone secretion is studied in patients with small stature, dynamic hormone samples are taken, and modern methods of insulin therapy are used for patients with type I diabetes.

The Department of Pediatrics of the Children’s Hospital has been treating and advising many Lithuanian children suffering from rheumatic and heart diseases for more than a decade. In recent years, up to 400 children with rheumatic diseases are treated annually in the hospital alone. An even larger number of patients are provided with outpatient care and specialist advice. Outpatients suffering from childhood rheumatic and heart diseases receive consultations in consultation rooms; they have been under observation for a long time with the adjustment of outpatient treatment.

Children suffering from other somatic diseases (respiratory system, digestive system, blood and hematopoiesis, nutrition and metabolism, blood circulation) are also examined and treated at the Pediatrics Department, and functional disorders of these systems are diagnosed.

In the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, all the necessary and modern help is given to patients suffering from infectious – viral and bacterial diseases of the respiratory system, intestines, central nervous system, rash, ticks and other diseases. If necessary, treat newborns with congenital fast-flowing infectious diseases. Over a year, over 2 thousand patients undergo treatment at the department.

Modern bacteriological, virological and immunological methods of research are used to diagnose diseases and differential diagnostics in the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases; in recent years, a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on diagnostics has been increasingly introduced. The department is collecting material on the implementation of the international project on rotavirus infection EuroRotaNet, on the rational prescription of antibiotics APREC and other important projects. In the department of pediatric non-infectious gastroenterology, the most advanced biochemical, serological, microbiological, genetic and instrumental methods of research are used to examine patients. If necessary, samples are sent to other laboratories around the world. For the treatment of patients, the method of determining the concentration of drugs, enteric and para-enteric nutrition is used, the diet of infants and older children is adjusted. The subdivision is the base of the Lithuanian Society of Pediatric Gastroenterologists and Nutrition Problems, the chairman of this association is Associate Professor. Dr. Vaidotas Urbonas. The department’s doctors take part in organizing republican scientific conferences, prepare scientific articles that are published in medical scientific journals of Lithuania and abroad, and a large international project “Epidemiology of Celiac Disease in Lithuania” is being prepared.

In the Department of Pediatric Neurology, children are diagnosed and treated with all childhood neurological diseases, developmental disorders, some mental illnesses, children with sleep disorders and various seizures are examined on a modern electroencephalograph – polysomnograph. This is the first baby sleep disorder research laboratory in Lithuania, which began work in 2009.

Children’s neurologists are preparing scientific papers on childhood epilepsy, impaired sleep, neuromuscular diseases, neurometabolic diseases, etc.

According to statistics, childhood respiratory diseases are most common not only in outpatient, but also in inpatient practice. In the Department of Pediatric Pulmonology and Allergology, approximately 2 thousand children with these diseases are treated throughout the year. The number of cases of allergies is growing all over the world and in Lithuania. Epidemiological studies conducted in Lithuania show that the number of children with atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma is increasing rapidly, and many children are allergic to food.

The purpose of the department is, based on the achievements of modern medicine, to provide specialized inpatient and outpatient services of the highest level in individual care for children and their health, in the field of pediatric pulmonology and allergology.

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