How to protect a child from the most common childhood infections
There are a number of infectious viral diseases that are commonly referred to as childhood diseases, since they are ill mainly in childhood. We are talking about the most common, such as measles, rubella, mumps, chickenpox.
Among the common signs of these diseases, they are extremely contagious, infection occurs by airborne droplets, a febrile state, an increase in certain groups of lymph nodes and a general external manifestation – a rash on the skin. In any period of these childhood infections, serious complications can develop as a result of the attachment of a secondary infection or under the influence of other negative factors: extensive damage to the central nervous system, meningitis, encephalitis, pancreatitis, orchitis, loss of vision, myocarditis.
Babies who are exclusively breastfed, under the age of three months, are protected from the effects of viral infections that cause the so-called childhood diseases. Such protection is provided to them by passive immunity, which they receive from the mother along with breast milk. As a rule, by the end of the first year of life, the child loses maternal immunity and becomes susceptible to infections.
The timing of vaccine administration according to the Russian vaccination calendar is associated with this, for example, vaccination against measles, rubella, mumps and chicken pox begins after 12 months of a child’s life. You should not worry if, for some reason, the vaccine is not delivered on time – this is not scary, but it must be done as soon as possible. Do not postpone vaccination “in the long run”, as a growing up child will increase contact with other children, and he may become more likely to become infected.
For example, chickenpox is one of the most contagious and common infections in the world today. The susceptibility to the chickenpox virus in an unhealthy and unvaccinated person is extremely high: out of 100 people who have contacted the patient, almost everyone gets sick.
As soon as one case arises among susceptible individuals, it is very difficult to prevent an outbreak. Therefore, often outbreaks of chickenpox occur among children in kindergartens. In most cases, chickenpox results in complete recovery, especially in children.
However, in some cases of the diseased people, the virus can persist in the intervertebral nerve ganglia and activate after a few years in the form of herpes zoster (herpes zoster). Shingles is observed in 10-20% of people who have had chickenpox in the past, manifested by a vesicular rash on the skin. Almost 15% of all patients experience pain and / or paresthesia (numbness) in the area of the affected skin for at least several weeks, and sometimes constantly (postherpetic neuralgia).
Against measles, rubella, mumps and chickenpox, domestic and imported vaccines have been developed today. Vaccines against measles, mumps, rubella and chicken pox can be mono – or multicomponent.
In the DETSTVO Plus family medical clinic, we can offer our patients both domestic mono- and divacins against measles, rubella, mumps, and imported ones: the Belgian tri-vaccine Priorix against measles, rubella and mumps and the vaccine against varicella Varelrix. All vaccines for immunization against measles, rubella, mumps, chickenpox contain live strains of the causative agents of these diseases in a weakened form.
They do not infect a person with a disease, but help to produce antibodies to the body to create a protective barrier during infection. A doctor will definitely tell you about possible post-vaccination reactions before vaccination. Post-vaccination reactions to vaccination are normal, as they indicate the active work of human immunity. These conditions are not a pathology, do not require treatment, pass on their own usually within a week.