Thanks to routine immunization, we managed to forget about the many incredibly contagious and dangerous diseases. Nevertheless, it’s too early to relax: if group immunity decreases due to refusal of vaccination, terrible epidemics can return, and these are not just words. In 2018, the media anxiously reported frequent cases of measles, or the “childhood plague,” as it is called. In this article of the “Vaccination” special project, we will tell you why measles is dangerous, how to deal with it, and why it is still not defeated.
The invention of vaccines has radically changed the life of mankind. Many diseases that claimed thousands, or even millions of lives annually, are now almost never encountered. In this special project, we not only talk about the history of vaccines, the general principles of their development and the role of vaccine prevention in modern healthcare (the first three articles are devoted to this), but we also talk in detail about each vaccine included in the National vaccination calendar, as well as flu vaccines and human papillomavirus. You will learn about what each of the causative agents of the disease is, what vaccine options exist and how they differ, and we will touch upon the topic of vaccine-related complications and the effectiveness of vaccines. Continue reading
HISTORY OF DESCRIPTION OF KAWASAKI’S DISEASE. TOMISAKU KAVASAKI – FAMOUS JAPANESE PEDIATRIC, AUTHOR OF SYSTEMIC VASCULITIS IN CHILDREN
Kawasaki disease is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, acute onset in infancy or early childhood, with a primary lesion of the coronary arteries. Syndrome or Kawasaki disease is more often observed in children under the age of 5 years and is recognized as the leading cause of acquired heart diseases in children – primarily the pathology of the coronary arteries, which in some cases can persist throughout the patient’s life, leading to coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction in children and young age. Currently, the number of adults with coronary artery disease due to childhood Kawasaki disease, who are hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction for coronary artery bypass grafting or interventional procedures, is increasing. Dilation (ectasia) or aneurysm of the coronary arteries develops in 25% of children who have not received adequate therapy. Treatment, begun in the first 10 days of the disease with the use of immunoglobulin for intravenous administration, reduces this risk to 3-5%. In this regard, two problems of this disease are important: Continue reading
More than 7.5 million children worldwide die each year before they reach the age of five. Most of them come from poor communities and live in the poorest countries. These children are more likely than others to suffer from malnutrition and from infectious diseases such as neonatal sepsis, measles, diarrhea, malaria and pneumonia.
Effective strategies for the prevention and treatment of sick children are available, but do not reach them. One reason for this is that medical services are often too far away or too expensive. Medical institutions in these conditions are often insufficiently equipped and do not have well-trained medical personnel. In addition, sick children can have several diseases at the same time, and this can cause difficulties for health workers in the diagnosis and treatment. Continue reading
The structure of the human respiratory system The human respiratory system consists of tissues and organs providing pulmonary ventilation and pulmonary respiration. In the structure of the system, it is possible to distinguish the main elements – the airways and lungs, as well as auxiliary – elements of the musculoskeletal system. The airways include: nose, nasal cavity, nasopharynx, trachea, larynx, bronchi and bronchioles. The lungs consist of alveolar sacs, bronchioles, as well as arteries, capillaries, veins of the pulmonary circulation. Elements of the musculoskeletal system associated with breathing include ribs, intercostal muscles, the diaphragm, and auxiliary respiratory muscles. Numerous studies carried out in various countries have shown a significant increase in respiratory diseases over the past 10 years.
Types of respiratory diseases. Bronchitis is an infectious disease accompanied by diffuse inflammation of the bronchi. The main symptom of the disease is a cough. If the disease lasts less than three weeks, they speak of acute bronchitis. Continue reading
Kidney diseases are treated using modern methods – according to the latest literature. Pediatric nephrologists take part in scientific studies, write popular science articles on children’s kidney diseases, and have already completed internships in several centers of pediatric nephrology in Western Europe.
Pediatric endocrinologists who advise children and adolescents on issues of endocrinological diseases have the opportunity to perform various hormonal studies: stimulated hormone secretion is studied in patients with small stature, dynamic hormone samples are taken, and modern methods of insulin therapy are used for patients with type I diabetes.
The Department of Pediatrics of the Children’s Hospital has been treating and advising many Lithuanian children suffering from rheumatic and heart diseases for more than a decade. Continue reading