Foodborne botulism is a serious, potentially fatal, but relatively rare disease. This is intoxication, usually caused by the consumption of highly active neurotoxins, botulinum toxins formed in contaminated foods. Botulism is not transmitted from person to person.
The spores produced by Clostridium botulinum are resistant to high temperatures and are widespread in the environment. In the absence of oxygen, these spores germinate, develop and begin to secrete toxins. There are 7 different forms of botulinum toxin – types A – G. Four of them (types A, B, E and in rare cases F) cause human botulism. Types C, D, and E cause disease in mammals, birds, and fish.
Botulinum toxins enter the body through the consumption of products that have not undergone proper processing, in which bacteria or spores survive and produce toxins. The main cause of human botulism is food intoxication, but it can be caused by intestinal infection in infants, wound infections, and inhalation.
Symptoms of foodborne botulism Continue reading