Phenotypic classification of rhinitis and basic principles of therapy
It is well known that the nose performs respiratory, protective, resonant and olfactory functions. Free nasal breathing causes positive and negative pressure in the chest and abdominal cavities. When breathing…

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Features of the course of secondary pulmonary hypertension in a child
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a heterogeneous, often multifactorial condition that can be either an independent, isolated pathology, or a complication of a wide range of diseases, including congenital heart…

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Irrigation and elimination therapy and prevention of acute respiratory infections in children
Today, in the practice of a pediatric ENT specialist, the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children remain an urgent problem. In 25-50% of…

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oropharynx

An early exposure of cat allergens and features of the course of allergic rhinitis in children

According to research, cats are extremely popular pets both in the world and in our country. The widespread occurrence of cats leads to the widespread high concentration of their allergens. The role of exposure to cat allergens in the development and course of allergic pathology, according to published data, remains controversial. Most researchers note the protective effect of an early exposure to cat allergens. At the same time, a number of studies have shown an increase in the risk of developing allergic diseases and a decrease in control over their course.

The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between the characteristics of the course of allergic pathology and the age of the first contact with cat allergens.

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Often sick children. Modern pediatrician look

At present, the problem of frequently ill children (FWA) remains relevant. With the onset of the autumn-winter period and the start of schooling, schoolchildren experience overloads, fatigue increases, the number of contacts in groups increases, and children begin to suffer from acute respiratory infections (ARI) more often.

Patients with repeated episodes of ARI more than 8 times a year are referred to the group of FWB. In the structure of morbidity, viral infections account for 65–90% (influenza viruses, parainfluenza viruses, adenoviruses, respiratory syncytial virus). Viral monoinfection is detected in 52%, the association of 2 viruses or more – in 36% of cases.

The highest incidence of respiratory infections was observed in children’s organized groups in children of preschool and primary school age, the peak incidence occurs in the first years of visiting kindergartens. Continue reading

Results of an international multicenter study of release-active antibodies to interferon gamma in the treatment of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections in children

Influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections (SARS) are the most common diseases in the child population. Annual ARVI outbreaks are caused by respiratory viruses of 5 groups, including more than 300 subtypes, which determines a variety of clinical symptoms, on the one hand, and the complexity of etiotropic therapy and vaccine prevention, on the other. The most severe forms of respiratory infections are caused by influenza viruses. Of particular danger are pandemic strains of the influenza virus. Other acute respiratory viral infections caused by various respiratory viruses are also highly contagious, the formation of mixed infections and the development of secondary bacterial complications. Continue reading

Levocarnitine in pediatric practice
Currently, in pediatrics and pedopsychiatry there is a relentless search for adequate methods of treatment and prevention of neuropsychiatric disorders of children, especially at an early age. In particular, such…

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Is it possible to prevent the consequences of congenital cytomegalovirus infection?
Congenital CMVI is one of the most common intrauterine infections in the world and occurs on average in 0.2–2.5% of live births, and in developed countries, in 0.6–0.7% of newborns.…

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Infectious diseases for children
Rubella is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. Rubella is characterized by a slight swelling of the lymph nodes. A pinkish-red rash appears on the body.…

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Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) Strategy for Children Under Five
More than 7.5 million children worldwide die each year before they reach the age of five. Most of them come from poor communities and live in the poorest countries. These…

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