Epileptic status (ES) is characterized by prolonged or repeated seizures / episodes without a return to the normal state for this patient. ES is often found in pediatric practice, it affects 18–23 out of 100 thousand children per year, mortality reaches 2–7%. Treatment measures include the introduction of anticonvulsants, the identification and elimination of factors that trigger ES, as well as the prevention of possible complications.
Definition and classification of ES
Historically, ES has been defined as “a condition characterized by an epileptic seizure / seizure long enough or recurring at short enough intervals to cause an unchanged and stable epileptic state”.
This definition was supplemented by the International League for the Control of Epilepsy, which decided that an attack / seizure should last at least 30 minutes, or during this period of time there should be several seizures without restoration of functions between them for more than 30 minutes. Continue reading
It is well known that the nose performs respiratory, protective, resonant and olfactory functions. Free nasal breathing causes positive and negative pressure in the chest and abdominal cavities. When breathing through the mouth, the inspiration becomes less deep, this leads to a decrease in negative pressure in the chest and, as a result, a violation of the hemodynamics of the skull. With inflammation of the nasal mucosa, basic functions are violated and the quality of life is impaired.
Rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa) is a common pathology in children. According to various sources, in recent years, the frequency of diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses in children has been 35–37%, of this number 50% of cases become chronic, each year the proportion of such patients increases by 1.5–2.0%. Continue reading