mucus is secreted
Today, in the practice of a pediatric ENT specialist, the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children remain an urgent problem. In 25-50% of children there are various inflammatory diseases of the nose, nasopharynx and paranasal sinuses. According to statistics, the proportion of diseases of the paranasal sinuses is 12-14.5%, the ear – 28% and the nasopharynx – about 54%. Despite the progress of methods for the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, an increase of 1.5–2.0% is observed annually in such patients. In this regard, the study of etiology, pathogenesis, and improvement of diagnostic and prophylactic methods does not lose its relevance. Continue reading
It is well known that the nose performs respiratory, protective, resonant and olfactory functions. Free nasal breathing causes positive and negative pressure in the chest and abdominal cavities. When breathing through the mouth, the inspiration becomes less deep, this leads to a decrease in negative pressure in the chest and, as a result, a violation of the hemodynamics of the skull. With inflammation of the nasal mucosa, basic functions are violated and the quality of life is impaired.
Rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa) is a common pathology in children. According to various sources, in recent years, the frequency of diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses in children has been 35–37%, of this number 50% of cases become chronic, each year the proportion of such patients increases by 1.5–2.0%. Continue reading