The use of probiotics in the prevention of seasonal acute respiratory infections
The problem of seasonal incidence in children and adults with acute respiratory infections in recent decades has become increasingly important. This is due not only to an increase in the…

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The structure of the incidence and modern approaches to the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections in children
Undoubtedly, acute respiratory infections (ARI) invariably occupy a leading place in the structure of infectious pathology, especially among children. In Russia, approximately 70–80 thousand diseases are registered annually per 100…

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On the verge of an epidemic? What is dangerous diphtheria and what you need to know about it
The outbreak of diphtheria in Transcarpathia alarmed the country - 15 people were hospitalized. Concern was also caused by the fact that hospitals were not adequately provided with the necessary…

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categories of children

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How does an autistic child communicate with others?

Speaking about the violation of contact with the outside world, we do not mean that the autistic child is completely isolated from his environment in terms of perception. The autist, of course, establishes a connection with the outside world (and this is the “loophole”, thanks to which we can help him overcome the developmental delay and establish feedback with others), but makes it accessible to him.

For example, he can play toys, but without the plot development of the game, without its symbolic construction – let’s say, he will drive the machine monotonously left and right. An autistic child will be in the sandbox with the children, but will not enter into direct contacts, will not continue their game, because he is not able to emotionally “get involved” in someone else’s symbolic order. Autists cannot emotionally “approach” another person, figuratively try on themselves his joy or physical pain. An autistic child hears and sees, but does not understand the meaning of emotions. Continue reading

Drug treatment

Drug treatment carried out in a complex of recreational activities should be based on the necessary minimum and determined by the type of nosology. Modern features of the course of respiratory diseases and new data on the immune system make the problem of choosing effective immunocorrective drugs, the spectrum of which is quite wide, particularly urgent:
• immunocorrectors of natural origin (vaccines, endotoxins, nucleic acids, interferons, interferonogens, thymus preparations, etc.);
• synthetic drugs (polyoxidonium, lycopid, immunofan, bendazole, etc.).
Most immunocorrective drugs (stimulants, modulators) selectively affect different parts of the immune system, therefore, their appointment requires strict consideration of indications and contraindications, dynamic clinical and immunological control, and repeated courses of immunocorrections are usually carried out no more than 1-2 times a year. Continue reading

There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity

There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity. A transient decrease in immunity is caused by insufficient protein and energy nutrition, a deficiency in the consumption of micronutrients, especially vitamins A, C, E, D, β-carotene, essential trace elements (zinc, iron, selenium, iodine), polyunsaturated fatty acids, the presence of chronic digestive diseases history of infectious diseases, taking antibiotics, exposure to environmental pathological factors, impaired intestinal microflora. Inadequate protein and energy intake are known to reduce antibody synthesis. Deficiency in the diet of polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins A, C, β-carotene, zinc is accompanied by disorders in all parts of the immune response. Iodine deficiency reduces the activity of the phagocytic link, components of antioxidant protection (vitamins A, E, zinc, selenium, etc.), adversely affects the functional activity and vital activity of immunocompetent cells. Many acute and chronic diseases negatively affect immunity, which significantly reduces the child’s resistance to infection and other damaging factors. Continue reading

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Irrigation and elimination therapy and prevention of acute respiratory infections in children
Today, in the practice of a pediatric ENT specialist, the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children remain an urgent problem. In 25-50% of…

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Clinical observation
In order to focus attention on this problem of pediatricians, pediatric cardiologists and pulmonologists, we present an interesting clinical case of PAH on the background of a combination of BPD…

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HISTORY OF DESCRIPTION OF KAWASAKI'S DISEASE. TOMISAKU KAVASAKI - FAMOUS JAPANESE PEDIATRIC, AUTHOR OF SYSTEMIC VASCULITIS IN CHILDREN
Kawasaki disease is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, acute onset in infancy or early childhood, with a primary lesion of the coronary arteries. Syndrome or Kawasaki disease is more…

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There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity
There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity. A transient decrease in immunity is caused by insufficient protein and energy nutrition, a deficiency in the consumption…

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