Infectious diseases for children
Rubella is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. Rubella is characterized by a slight swelling of the lymph nodes. A pinkish-red rash appears on the body.…

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Features of the course of secondary pulmonary hypertension in a child
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a heterogeneous, often multifactorial condition that can be either an independent, isolated pathology, or a complication of a wide range of diseases, including congenital heart…

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Parents can cause our children to become sick often.
We will analyze those cases when we, parents, can be the reason for the frequent incidence of our children. The baby that has been born does not yet know what…

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antibacterial drugs

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There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity

There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity. A transient decrease in immunity is caused by insufficient protein and energy nutrition, a deficiency in the consumption of micronutrients, especially vitamins A, C, E, D, β-carotene, essential trace elements (zinc, iron, selenium, iodine), polyunsaturated fatty acids, the presence of chronic digestive diseases history of infectious diseases, taking antibiotics, exposure to environmental pathological factors, impaired intestinal microflora. Inadequate protein and energy intake are known to reduce antibody synthesis. Deficiency in the diet of polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins A, C, β-carotene, zinc is accompanied by disorders in all parts of the immune response. Iodine deficiency reduces the activity of the phagocytic link, components of antioxidant protection (vitamins A, E, zinc, selenium, etc.), adversely affects the functional activity and vital activity of immunocompetent cells. Many acute and chronic diseases negatively affect immunity, which significantly reduces the child’s resistance to infection and other damaging factors. Continue reading

Infectious diseases for children

Rubella is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. Rubella is characterized by a slight swelling of the lymph nodes. A pinkish-red rash appears on the body. Rash on the skin can be accompanied by an increase in body temperature, aggravation of the respiratory tract. The incubation period lasts for 11-23 days. Treatment. The patient should adhere to bed rest. If the body temperature has risen, it is necessary to use antipyretics, and antihistamines should be used for redness on the skin.

Whooping cough is an infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets and a severe cough appears. The incubation period is from 3 to 14 days. The cough is spasmodic, with mucus secreted. An acute period occurs during the first week of illness. Treatment. Doctors prescribe antibiotics, inhalations, bronchodilators. The patient often needs to be in the fresh air, especially near ponds and in the morning. Continue reading

Respiratory diseases in children

The structure of the human respiratory system The human respiratory system consists of tissues and organs providing pulmonary ventilation and pulmonary respiration. In the structure of the system, it is possible to distinguish the main elements – the airways and lungs, as well as auxiliary – elements of the musculoskeletal system. The airways include: nose, nasal cavity, nasopharynx, trachea, larynx, bronchi and bronchioles. The lungs consist of alveolar sacs, bronchioles, as well as arteries, capillaries, veins of the pulmonary circulation. Elements of the musculoskeletal system associated with breathing include ribs, intercostal muscles, the diaphragm, and auxiliary respiratory muscles. Numerous studies carried out in various countries have shown a significant increase in respiratory diseases over the past 10 years.

Types of respiratory diseases. Bronchitis is an infectious disease accompanied by diffuse inflammation of the bronchi. The main symptom of the disease is a cough. If the disease lasts less than three weeks, they speak of acute bronchitis. Continue reading

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Children and immunity
Immunity is passive in nature and is provided by maternal antibodies. At the same time, its own immune system is in a state of suppression. The phagocytosis system is not…

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Levocarnitine in pediatric practice
Currently, in pediatrics and pedopsychiatry there is a relentless search for adequate methods of treatment and prevention of neuropsychiatric disorders of children, especially at an early age. In particular, such…

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Children need to be sick
And this paradoxical thing once became a discovery for me. That a child needs to survive about 50 snot episodes to form a mature immune system. Fifty! Necessary! That is,…

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Which children can be called often ill
According to statistics, children under 4 years old are often considered sick if they get sick more than 3-4 times a year. At the age of 4 to 7 years…

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