Infectious diseases for children
Rubella is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. Rubella is characterized by a slight swelling of the lymph nodes. A pinkish-red rash appears on the body.…

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Irrigation and elimination therapy and prevention of acute respiratory infections in children
Today, in the practice of a pediatric ENT specialist, the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children remain an urgent problem. In 25-50% of…

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Pills are not toys
The term "antibiotic" in the literal translation looks very ominous: "anti" - against, "bio" - life. Opponent of life, in short. Fortunately, this is not about life in general, but…

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antibacterial drugs

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There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity

There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity. A transient decrease in immunity is caused by insufficient protein and energy nutrition, a deficiency in the consumption of micronutrients, especially vitamins A, C, E, D, β-carotene, essential trace elements (zinc, iron, selenium, iodine), polyunsaturated fatty acids, the presence of chronic digestive diseases history of infectious diseases, taking antibiotics, exposure to environmental pathological factors, impaired intestinal microflora. Inadequate protein and energy intake are known to reduce antibody synthesis. Deficiency in the diet of polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins A, C, β-carotene, zinc is accompanied by disorders in all parts of the immune response. Iodine deficiency reduces the activity of the phagocytic link, components of antioxidant protection (vitamins A, E, zinc, selenium, etc.), adversely affects the functional activity and vital activity of immunocompetent cells. Many acute and chronic diseases negatively affect immunity, which significantly reduces the child’s resistance to infection and other damaging factors. Continue reading

Infectious diseases for children

Rubella is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. Rubella is characterized by a slight swelling of the lymph nodes. A pinkish-red rash appears on the body. Rash on the skin can be accompanied by an increase in body temperature, aggravation of the respiratory tract. The incubation period lasts for 11-23 days. Treatment. The patient should adhere to bed rest. If the body temperature has risen, it is necessary to use antipyretics, and antihistamines should be used for redness on the skin.

Whooping cough is an infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets and a severe cough appears. The incubation period is from 3 to 14 days. The cough is spasmodic, with mucus secreted. An acute period occurs during the first week of illness. Treatment. Doctors prescribe antibiotics, inhalations, bronchodilators. The patient often needs to be in the fresh air, especially near ponds and in the morning. Continue reading

Respiratory diseases in children

The structure of the human respiratory system The human respiratory system consists of tissues and organs providing pulmonary ventilation and pulmonary respiration. In the structure of the system, it is possible to distinguish the main elements – the airways and lungs, as well as auxiliary – elements of the musculoskeletal system. The airways include: nose, nasal cavity, nasopharynx, trachea, larynx, bronchi and bronchioles. The lungs consist of alveolar sacs, bronchioles, as well as arteries, capillaries, veins of the pulmonary circulation. Elements of the musculoskeletal system associated with breathing include ribs, intercostal muscles, the diaphragm, and auxiliary respiratory muscles. Numerous studies carried out in various countries have shown a significant increase in respiratory diseases over the past 10 years.

Types of respiratory diseases. Bronchitis is an infectious disease accompanied by diffuse inflammation of the bronchi. The main symptom of the disease is a cough. If the disease lasts less than three weeks, they speak of acute bronchitis. Continue reading

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An early exposure of cat allergens and features of the course of allergic rhinitis in children
According to research, cats are extremely popular pets both in the world and in our country. The widespread occurrence of cats leads to the widespread high concentration of their allergens.…

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Phenotypic classification of rhinitis and basic principles of therapy
It is well known that the nose performs respiratory, protective, resonant and olfactory functions. Free nasal breathing causes positive and negative pressure in the chest and abdominal cavities. When breathing…

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Levocarnitine in pediatric practice
Currently, in pediatrics and pedopsychiatry there is a relentless search for adequate methods of treatment and prevention of neuropsychiatric disorders of children, especially at an early age. In particular, such…

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The child goes to a mass event, after which it is very likely that he will get ARVI.
There are no more effective ways to prevent acute respiratory viral infections than careful hygiene, regular irrigation of the nose with saline, constant ventilation of the room while maintaining normal…

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