Measles: the war on childhood plague continues
Thanks to routine immunization, we managed to forget about the many incredibly contagious and dangerous diseases. Nevertheless, it’s too early to relax: if group immunity decreases due to refusal of…

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Vitamin D deficiency in the system "mother - placenta - fetus"
Advances in perinatal medicine, which has been rapidly developing in recent decades, have led to a significant increase in the survival rate of premature babies with very low and extremely…

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Combined acute intestinal infections in children: clinical features, treatment approaches
Acute intestinal infections (acute intestinal infections) remain an important public health problem due to their mass, severe course and the associated economic damage. OCI occupy the 2nd place in the…

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antibacterial drugs

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There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity

There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity. A transient decrease in immunity is caused by insufficient protein and energy nutrition, a deficiency in the consumption of micronutrients, especially vitamins A, C, E, D, β-carotene, essential trace elements (zinc, iron, selenium, iodine), polyunsaturated fatty acids, the presence of chronic digestive diseases history of infectious diseases, taking antibiotics, exposure to environmental pathological factors, impaired intestinal microflora. Inadequate protein and energy intake are known to reduce antibody synthesis. Deficiency in the diet of polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins A, C, β-carotene, zinc is accompanied by disorders in all parts of the immune response. Iodine deficiency reduces the activity of the phagocytic link, components of antioxidant protection (vitamins A, E, zinc, selenium, etc.), adversely affects the functional activity and vital activity of immunocompetent cells. Many acute and chronic diseases negatively affect immunity, which significantly reduces the child’s resistance to infection and other damaging factors. Continue reading

Infectious diseases for children

Rubella is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. Rubella is characterized by a slight swelling of the lymph nodes. A pinkish-red rash appears on the body. Rash on the skin can be accompanied by an increase in body temperature, aggravation of the respiratory tract. The incubation period lasts for 11-23 days. Treatment. The patient should adhere to bed rest. If the body temperature has risen, it is necessary to use antipyretics, and antihistamines should be used for redness on the skin.

Whooping cough is an infectious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets and a severe cough appears. The incubation period is from 3 to 14 days. The cough is spasmodic, with mucus secreted. An acute period occurs during the first week of illness. Treatment. Doctors prescribe antibiotics, inhalations, bronchodilators. The patient often needs to be in the fresh air, especially near ponds and in the morning. Continue reading

Respiratory diseases in children

The structure of the human respiratory system The human respiratory system consists of tissues and organs providing pulmonary ventilation and pulmonary respiration. In the structure of the system, it is possible to distinguish the main elements – the airways and lungs, as well as auxiliary – elements of the musculoskeletal system. The airways include: nose, nasal cavity, nasopharynx, trachea, larynx, bronchi and bronchioles. The lungs consist of alveolar sacs, bronchioles, as well as arteries, capillaries, veins of the pulmonary circulation. Elements of the musculoskeletal system associated with breathing include ribs, intercostal muscles, the diaphragm, and auxiliary respiratory muscles. Numerous studies carried out in various countries have shown a significant increase in respiratory diseases over the past 10 years.

Types of respiratory diseases. Bronchitis is an infectious disease accompanied by diffuse inflammation of the bronchi. The main symptom of the disease is a cough. If the disease lasts less than three weeks, they speak of acute bronchitis. Continue reading

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An integrated approach to the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections
Acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) remain the most common diseases in the world, including among the children's population. In the Russian Federation, acute respiratory viral infections occupy a leading place…

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Clinical observation
In order to focus attention on this problem of pediatricians, pediatric cardiologists and pulmonologists, we present an interesting clinical case of PAH on the background of a combination of BPD…

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Children's botulism
Overview Foodborne botulism is a serious, potentially fatal, but relatively rare disease. This is intoxication, usually caused by the consumption of highly active neurotoxins, botulinum toxins formed in contaminated foods.…

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HOW TO DO IT WITH CHILD DISEASES
However, the main cause of childhood diseases is a lack of love and attention to the child. What if a childhood illness is a call for parental love? If the…

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