Speaking about the violation of contact with the outside world, we do not mean that the autistic child is completely isolated from his environment in terms of perception. The autist, of course, establishes a connection with the outside world (and this is the “loophole”, thanks to which we can help him overcome the developmental delay and establish feedback with others), but makes it accessible to him.
For example, he can play toys, but without the plot development of the game, without its symbolic construction – let’s say, he will drive the machine monotonously left and right. An autistic child will be in the sandbox with the children, but will not enter into direct contacts, will not continue their game, because he is not able to emotionally “get involved” in someone else’s symbolic order. Autists cannot emotionally “approach” another person, figuratively try on themselves his joy or physical pain. An autistic child hears and sees, but does not understand the meaning of emotions. Continue reading
Last time, we talked about violations in the intellectual and emotional development of the child and what prerequisites provoke these violations. Perhaps one of the most controversial cognitive disorders is childhood autism.
At an early age, it is quite difficult to determine whether the child is developing correctly: why at the age of one and a half years he still does not say, why he does not respond to his own name and does not play with his peers, why is he so violently capricious and does not want to eat on his own? Should these warning signs be signs of autism?
Can it be argued that autism is accompanied by a developmental delay? Of course. But can we say that autists are mentally disabled children who will remain so for life? Of course no. Delay in development is just one of the symptoms of autism, which is far from the most characteristic and dangerous for the child. Continue reading
Drug treatment carried out in a complex of recreational activities should be based on the necessary minimum and determined by the type of nosology. Modern features of the course of respiratory diseases and new data on the immune system make the problem of choosing effective immunocorrective drugs, the spectrum of which is quite wide, particularly urgent:
• immunocorrectors of natural origin (vaccines, endotoxins, nucleic acids, interferons, interferonogens, thymus preparations, etc.);
• synthetic drugs (polyoxidonium, lycopid, immunofan, bendazole, etc.).
Most immunocorrective drugs (stimulants, modulators) selectively affect different parts of the immune system, therefore, their appointment requires strict consideration of indications and contraindications, dynamic clinical and immunological control, and repeated courses of immunocorrections are usually carried out no more than 1-2 times a year. Continue reading
There are many reasons and risk factors for a decrease in immunity. A transient decrease in immunity is caused by insufficient protein and energy nutrition, a deficiency in the consumption of micronutrients, especially vitamins A, C, E, D, β-carotene, essential trace elements (zinc, iron, selenium, iodine), polyunsaturated fatty acids, the presence of chronic digestive diseases history of infectious diseases, taking antibiotics, exposure to environmental pathological factors, impaired intestinal microflora. Inadequate protein and energy intake are known to reduce antibody synthesis. Deficiency in the diet of polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins A, C, β-carotene, zinc is accompanied by disorders in all parts of the immune response. Iodine deficiency reduces the activity of the phagocytic link, components of antioxidant protection (vitamins A, E, zinc, selenium, etc.), adversely affects the functional activity and vital activity of immunocompetent cells. Many acute and chronic diseases negatively affect immunity, which significantly reduces the child’s resistance to infection and other damaging factors. Continue reading
Immunity is passive in nature and is provided by maternal antibodies. At the same time, its own immune system is in a state of suppression. The phagocytosis system is not developed. The newborn shows little resistance to opportunistic, pyogenic, gram-negative flora. A tendency to generalization of microbial-inflammatory processes, to septic conditions is characteristic. The child is very sensitive to viral infections, against which he is not protected by maternal antibodies. Approximately on the 5th day of life, the first cross in the white blood formula takes place and the absolute and relative predominance of lymphocytes is established.
The second critical period is due to the destruction of maternal antibodies. The primary immune response to infection penetrates through the synthesis of class M immunoglobulins and leaves no immunological memory. Continue reading